Dussehra 2021: Dusshera is one of India’s best-known festivals and is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm across India. This festival is connected to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, which makes it unique in its own way. This festival is celebrated on the 10th day of Ashwin Month (Shukla Paksha). It is the day after the nine-day Shardiya Navratri. In 2021 Dussehra falls on 15th October.
Dussehra is celebrated for a number of reasons and also marks the start of the harvesting season. Havana and Yagnas are organized to mark this occasion.
Dussehra is celebrated in different ways and for different reasons across India. Here are the reasons Dusshera is celebrated across the country to celebrate the victory of good over evil.
Dusshera 2021 Puja Timings and Muhurat
Vijay Muhurat – 02:02 PM to 02:48 PM
Aparahna Puja Time – 01:16 PM to 03:34 PM
Dashami Tithi Begins – 06:52 PM on Oct 14, 2021
Dashami Tithi Ends – 06:02 PM on Oct 15, 2021
Dusshera 2021 Significance
Dussehra and Ramayana
Dussehra is the day when Shri Rama killed Ravana, the ten-headed ‘Rakshasa” after a fierce battle. The word ‘Dussehra’ also refers to the one with 10 heads – Ravana. In the spiritual sense, this represents the victory of good over evil and the re-establishment of ‘Dharma’. This happened in the Treta Yuga.
Dussehra and Mahabharata
In the next Yuga after the Ramayana – the Dwapara Yuga the Pandavas were in their 13th year of exile in the kingdom of Virata. On the last day of their exile, the Pandavas retrieved their divine weapons from the Shami tree, where they had been kept for safekeeping. The Kauravas attacked the Kingdom of Virata to steal their cattle. The Pandavas, keen to defend the King who had sheltered them, defeated the massive army of the Kauravas. This coincidentally was the same day Shri Rama had killed Ravana and came to be known as Vijaya Dashmi.
Durga Mata and Mahishasur
Mahishasur was a demon who terrorized the three worlds. After a request from the Devi-Devtas, Durga Mata decided to put an end to the demon for the welfare of all. The Goddess started the battle on the 7th day of Navratri (Known as Maha Saptami) and ended it by killing the demon on the day after Navratri – Dussehra or Vijaya Dashmi.
Saraswati Puja and Vidyarambham
The last three days of Navratri and Vijaya Dashmi – the 10th day are celebrated with Saraswati Puja and Vidyambharam in Kerala, Karnataka, and other southern states. Vijaya Dashmi is considered an ideal day to start a new venture. In this ritual, the process of learning begins with the writing of a mantra on a bed of rice. Children are then introduced to the learning of dance, music, academic studies, and arts.
Ram Leela and Ravana Dahan
One of the most visible Dussehra celebrations is the performance of Ram Leela. Performances and enacting of scenes from the Ramayana during the nine days of Navratri end on Dussehra, with the burning of giant effigies of Ravana and Kumbhakarana. These effigies are typically filled with crackers and fireworks and set alight with the shooting of a lighted arrow. This event is organized across India and attended by thousands of exuberant devotees.
Dusshera 2021 Celebration and Festive Season
Dussehra and its preceding nine days (Navratri) mark the end of the inauspicious period and the beginning of the festive season. This day is considered an auspicious occasion to start a new venture, purchase new household items, clothes or begin a journey. Diwali – another major celebration is exactly 20 days after Dussehra. The festivities don’t stop until well after Diwali.