Gudi Padwa – The Marathi New year
Gudi Padwa is the Marathi New Year day which falls on the first day of Chaitra month. It is also the first day of the sacred Chaitra Navratri. ‘Gudi’ means flag and ‘Padwa’ comes from the Sanskrit word Pratipad and means the first day of a new Lunar month. It is a day of joy, reunions, meeting with family and friends. New clothes and hearty feasting are very much a part of the festivities. Gudi Padwa marks the advent of spring season and the harvesting of crops. Gudi Padwa has great spiritual significance and is linked to events in the Sat and Treta yugas.
This year Gudi Padwa will be celebrated on the 13th of April. 2021.
Why Gudi Padwa is Celebrated
In Sanatan Dharma we are familiar with the three stage cycle of Creation, Preservation and Destruction. After one such cycle, Lord Brahma created the world and this day was the day the Sat Yuga began. Sat Yuga is the purest of the Yugas and is marked by religion (Dharma), truth and justice. That is why Lord Brahma is worshipped on this day and the Gudi (Flag) that is hoisted is also known as Brahma Dhvaj (Brahma’s Flag). This is the day Gudi Padwa is celebrated.
Gudi Padwa History – Coronation of Shri Rama
The first day of Chaitra is also the day when Shri Rama was crowned as the King of Ayodhya. A flag (Brahm Dhvaj) was hoisted in Ayodhya to mark this event. To this day people hoist the Gudi to remember this day. The flag represents Shri Rama’s victory and happiness of the people of Ayodhya. It is always kept high above everything else to keep evil out and bring prosperity.
Victory of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
For Maharashtrians, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is a highly revered and iconic figure. It is believed he led his army to a great victory on this day and freed the area from the Mughals. Shivaji Maharaj is also known as a protector of Sanatana Dharma and a patron of countless temples and religious establishments.
The Gudi – (Brahm Dhvaj) – A Very Special Flag
On the day of Gudi Padwa Special one of the most noticeable sights are the Gudis (Flags) tied on long bamboo sticks. This can be seen in almost every household, temples and other places. It is one of the most important items in the celebrations. A Gudi is a large silk cloth with Neem and Mango leaves attached to it along with a garland of flowers and various ornaments. A copper Kalash (Vessel) that signifies victory is fixed to the top. This flag is tied to a long bamboo stick and hoisted from terraces and windows. It is visible to all. Often neighbourhoods or villages get together and make a Gudi known as Gudi Kavad. This is carried to the local Shiva Temple and hoisted there. The Gudi symbolises victory, good luck and prosperity.
Rangoli – An essential ritual
No Gudi Padwa celebration is complete without an elaborate Rangoli. A Rangoli is an Indian art form in which patterns are created on the floor using materials such as powdered colours, dry rice flour, coloured sand, quartz powder, flower petals, and coloured rocks. Geometric or natural patterns are used with images of birds, animals. Religious symbols like Swastika, Kalash, Pranava, Lotus or a lamp may also be included in the designs. This colourful artwork brightens up the atmosphere and spreads happiness and joy.The Rangoli is usually made at the base of the Gudi pole.
Click here for Gudi Padwa Rangoli Images
This is a big day and everyone is sure to be dressed in new clothes, preferably white. Houses, courtyards and other premises are thoroughly cleaned. People bathe and apply aromatic oils and perfumes. Ladies prepare the Rangoli and the Gudi is ceremonially hoisted. Prayers are offered to Lord Brahma. Many eat bitter Neem leaves, sometimes mixed with Jaggery to mark the start of festivities. Delicious food and sweets are prepared including the famed Maharashtrian Puran Poli. The day is spent in meeting friends and relatives and feasting. There is a feeling of goodness and spirituality all around. Gudi Padwa is specially auspicious for newly wedded couples. The wife goes to her mother’s house on this day and her husband (Son in Law) is invited for lunch.
Gudi Padwa Muhurat Timings
Pratipada Tithi (Date) Starts – 3:30 AM 12th April, 2021
Pratipada Tithi (Date) Ends – 5:46 AM 13th April, 2021
Gudi Padwa Images
Click here for Gudi Padwa Images
Gudi Padwa Wishes Quotes
1.Happy Gudi Padwa to the one who is close to my heart and has been with me in all ups and downs.
2.On this occasion of Gudi Padwa, I wish you a life filled with success, health, prosperity and happiness.
3.I convey my best wishes to you on this Gudi Padwa. May your life be filled with laughter, positivity and success.
4.Raise the Gudi, fold your hands and pray to God for the well-being of your folks and mankind. Hope you have a Happy Gudi Padwa.