Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated on Maghi Purnima each year. This year it falls on the 27th of February. This is the biggest festival for the Ravidassia Sect and is celebrated in different parts of the country with great enthusiasm. Devotees take a ritual bath in rivers and sacred kunds as a part of the festivities.
Birth and early life of Guru Ravidas
Guru Ravidas date of birth in 1450 CE in the village of Seer Goverdhanpur on the outskirts of Varanasi. It is also known as Guru Ravidas Janam Asthan. He was named Raidas and from an early age he spent most of his time meditating on the banks of the Ganga River. Later he spent time with Sufi saints, Sadhus and other spiritual persons. From that time it was clear that Raidas was destined to be a leading spiritual light.
Travels across India
Guru Ravidas then travelled extensively, visiting places in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. He preached equality and oneness of humanity. His name and fame grew and he was accepted by scholars and Saints of high standing. Guru Ravidas had frequent interactions with Sant Kabirdas and was involved in the Bhakti Sampradaya movement. He also met Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru. Some of Guru Ravidas’ writings are a part of the Guru Granth Sahib (Holiest Text of Sikhs). The hymns and teachings of Guru Ravidas inspired people from varied backgrounds. He preached religion and was known as a social reformer against casteism.
Guru Ravidas Jayanti Celebrations
Celebrations on Guru Ravidas Jayanti are organised at multiple places across India. Some of the more important locations are at his birthplace Seer Goverdhanpur in Varanasi and Dera Sacha Khand near Jalandhar in Punjab and Guru Ravidas Gurughar in Tughlakabad, Delhi. Most devotees prefer to head to Seer Goverdhanpur, birthplace of Guru Ravidas. Many also like to visit Dera Sacha Khand in Balan near Jalandhar.
Sant Ravidas Poems
1. ब्राह्मण मत पूजिए जो होवे गुणहीन,
पूजिए चरण चंडाल के जो होने गुण प्रवीण
2.कह रैदास तेरी भगति दूरि है, भाग बड़े सो पावै
तजि अभिमान मेटि आपा पर, पिपिलक हवै चुनि खावै
3.मन चंगा तो कठौती में गंगा
Seer Goverdhanpur and Ravidas Ghat (Varanasi)
Guru Ravidas’ birthplace Seer Goverdhanpur lies on the outskirts of Varanasi. In 1965 a group of devotees traced the place where Guru Ramdas was born and decided to build a temple there. Work progressed slowly and at last the temple was inaugurated in 1994. It is a magnificent temple, complete with a golden Kalash atop the Shikhara. In 1998 a huge ornamental gate was constructed which was opened by K R Narayana, President of India. During the birth anniversary celebrations, countless devotees come from all over the world. Among the various activities are recitation (Path) of Amrit Gurbani, ceremonial changing of Har Nishan Sahib (Flag), Aarti and Nagar Kirtan. A procession is taken out in the temple locality.
Ravidas Ghat is about four km from the temple. It is the largest and southernmost ghat of Varanasi. A 25 acre park known as Ravidas Smarak Park has been built adjoining the ghat.
Special Trains operated by Railways
Every year, Indian Railways runs special trains between Jalandhar and Varanasi for this occasion. Dates and more details can be found on the IRCTC website. Devotees are advised to book well in advance to avoid disappointment.
How to reach Varanasi
Varanasi Junction Railway Station is about 12 km from the temple.
Varanasi airport is about 32 km from the temple.
Where to stay in Varanasi
There are a number of Dharamshala’s and Guest Houses to choose from in Varanasi. Click on the link below for more information and room booking –
How to reach Jalandhar
Jalandhar City Railway Station is about 12 km from Dera Sacha Khand, Balan.
Amritsar Airport is about 91 km from Dera Sacha Khand, Balan.
Where to stay in Jalandhar
There are numerous Hotels and Guest Houses to choose from in Jalandhar. One can find accommodation to suit all budgets here.