Ramayana – the largest ancient epic written by Maharishi Valmiki is still remembered and read in every house in the world. During the 14 years exile period of Shri Rama, Laxman and Sita visited different parts of India and they still exist. Travel 17 epic places in India mentioned in Ramayana where each place has great significance and a unique story.
17 Places in India Mentioned in Ramayana
Tamsanadi is a famous river mentioned in Ramayana located 20 km away from Ayodhya. During his exile, Shri Ram crossed the Tamsa river. Thus the ghat is also known as Ramchaura.
Shringverpurtirtha (now known as Singraur) is mentioned in Ramayana as the kingdom of Nishadraj Guha. Before going to the exile Shri Ram, Laxman and Sita spent a night in this village. On the next day, Shri ram established a shivling there which was later worshipped by Nishadraj Guha. At present, a small temple is built over here. It is here that Rama, Lakshmana, and Sita crossed the Ganges by boat. When Bharat went to Chitrakoot to meet Lord Ram, he came to Shrangverpur.
After crossing the Ganges in Singraur, Shri Ram stayed at Kurai.
After moving ahead from Kurai Shri Ram reached Prayag with his brother Lakshamana and wife Sita. For a few months, Prayag was called Allahabad.
After crossing the Yamuna river near Prayag Sangam Lord Rama reached Chitrakoot. The place where Bharat reached to persuade Rama to come back with his army at the time when Dasharatha died. The incident is known as ‘Bharat Milap’ After taking Ram’s footpad (charanpaduka) Bharat started ruling and kept his footpad with him.
There is an ashram of Atri Rishi located in Satna, Madhya Pradesh near Chitrakoot. Maharishi Atri with his wife Anasuya used to live in Tapovan of Chitrakoot. Rishi Atri had another ashram where Lord Rama stayed at a place called ‘Ramavana’.
After leaving Chitrakoot, Lord Rama reached the dense forest where his exile was. Forest was known as Dandakaranya at that time. It covered areas of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra. Dandakaranya covers most of the states of Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh. The area of Dandakaranya is spread near the bank of Mahanadi of Orissa to the Godavari. Bhadrachalam city in Andhra Pradesh is also a part of Dandakaranya. Located on the banks of the river Godavari, Bhadrachalam is famous for the Sita-Ramchandra Temple on the Bhadragiri mountain. It is said that Shri Ram spent a few days during his exile on this Bhadragiri mountain. According to local belief, there was a war between Ravana and Jatayu in the sky of Dandakaranya and some parts of Jatayu had fallen in Dandakaranya. It is believed that this is the only temple of Jatayu in the world.
After staying in the ashrams of the sages in Dandakaranya, Shri Ram went to the ashram of Agastya Muni. This ashram is situated in the Panchavati area of Nashik which is situated on the banks of the Godavari river. It was here that Lakshmana cut off Surpanakha’s nose. Ram and Lakshman fought with Khar and Dushan. Shri Ram’s friendship with Jatayu – the vulture, also took place here. A beautiful description of Panchavati is found in Valmiki Ramayana, Aranyakand.
Ravana abducted Sita and killed Jatayu only after the killing of Shurpanakha, Maricha, Khar, and Dushan in the Nashik region, the place is remembered today as ‘Sarvatirtha’ in Take village 56 km away from Nashik. is also protected. Jatayu died at a place named Sarvatirtha, which is present in Taked village of Igatpuri tehsil of Nashik district. This place is called Sarvatirtha because it is here that the dying Jatayu told about Mother Sita. Ramji performed the last rites of Jatayu here and performed Shradh-tarpan for his father and Jatayu. There was Lakshman Rekha at this shrine.
Parnashala is located at a distance of 1 hour from Ramalaya at Bhadrachalam in Khammam district in Andhra Pradesh. It is believed that this is the place from where Sitaji was abducted. Although some believe that Ravana had landed his Viamana at this place. It was from this place that Ravana had made Sita sit in the Pushpak Vimana i.e. Sitaji had left the earth here. For this reason, it is considered the site of the actual abduction. There is an ancient temple of Ram-Sita here.
After Sarvatirtha and Parnasala, Shri Ram-Lakshman reached the area of the Tungabhadra and Kaveri river areas in search of Sita.
Shabri Ka Ashram
While crossing the Tungabhadra and Kaveri rivers, Rama and Lakshmana went in search of Sita. After meeting Jatayu and Kabandha, they reached Mount Rishyamook. On the way he also visited the Shabari Ashram near the Pampa River, which is located in present-day Kerala. Shabri was a Bhilani by caste and her name was Shramana. ‘Pampa’ is the old name of the Tungabhadra river. Hampi is situated on the banks of this river. Hampi is mentioned in the mythological text ‘Ramayana’ as the capital of the monkey kingdom Kishkindha. The famous ‘Sabarimalaya Temple’ shrine of Kerala is situated on the banks of this river.
After crossing the Malay Mountains and the sandalwood forests, he proceeded towards Rishyamook Mountain. Here he met Hanuman and Sugriva, where he saw Sita’s ornaments and Sri Rama killed Bali. Rishyamook mountain was located near Kishkindha, the capital of the monkeys mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana. Rishyamook mountain and Kishkindha town are located in Hampi, District Bellary, Karnataka. The nearby hill is known as ‘Matang Parvat’. On this mountain was the ashram of Matang Rishi, who was the guru of Hanumanji.
After meeting Hanuman and Sugriva, Shri Ram formed the monkey army and started moving towards Lanka. Tamil Nadu has a long coastline, which extends for about 1,000 km. Kodikarai Beach is situated to the south of Velankani, bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east and the Palk Strait in the south. Here Shri Ram’s army made a halt and Shri Ram gathered his army at Kodikarai and discussed. But Rama’s army, after surveying the place, found that the sea could not be crossed from here and this place was not even suitable for building a bridge, then Sri Rama’s army marched towards Rameshwaram.
Rameshwaram beach is a serene beach and its shallow waters are ideal for swimming and sunbathing. Rameshwaram is a famous Hindu pilgrimage center. According to the epic Ramayana, Lord Shri Ram worshiped Lord Shiva here before climbing Lanka. The Shivling of Rameshwaram is the Shivling established by Shri Ram.
According to Valmiki, after searching for three days, Sri Ram found a place in the sea in front of Rameshwaram, from where Sri Lanka can be easily reached. He decided to rebuild from the said place to Lanka with the help of Nal and Neel. Dhanushkodi is a village located on the southern shore of Rameswaram Island on the eastern coast of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Dhanushkodi is located in the southeast of Pamban which is about 18 miles west of Talamannar in Sri Lanka.
It is named Dhanushkodi because the bridge (Ram Setu) built by Nal and Neel through the monkey army from here to Sri Lanka is similar in shape to the path Dhanush. These entire areas are considered under the Mannar Maritime Zone. Dhanushkodi is the only terrestrial boundary between India and Sri Lanka, where the sea is as deep as the river, with land sometimes visible.
Nuwara Elia Mountain Range
According to Valmiki-Ramayana, there was a palace of Ravana in the middle of Sri Lanka. The whirlpools of tunnels and caves are found in the middle of the high hills of central Lanka towards Bandravela, about 90 km from the ‘Nuwara Eliya’ hills. Many such archaeological remains are found here, whose period has been extracted from carbon dating.
Archaeological investigations of Ravana Falls, Ravana Caves, Ashoka Vatika, ruined Vibhishana’s palace, etc., located around the Nuara Eliya hills in Sri Lanka, confirm their existence in the Ramayana period. Even today the geographical features, fauna, flora, and monuments of these places are exactly the same as those described in Ramayana.
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